What Is Soil Management
A Thorough Understanding Of Soil Management
Soil management is a practice involved into crop production, soil analysis and soil conservation. It is about producing several kinds of crops and that too with least possible labour. In soil management, we can include process to soil erosion control, adopting crop rotation, maintaining organic matter for soil etc. In this article, we will discuss several processes that include in soil management. Considering this information, you can enjoy healthy planting and farming for sure. Let’s get into detailed knowledge of soil management.
Tillage – Understanding & Purpose
Tillage is used for the preparation of soil that helps in crops growth. This preparation is made by the use of plow. Plowing makes cut into ground and then turns the soil over. This process helps removing all types of weeds that are grown in the area. Meanwhile it, it breaks up or loosens the soil surface and offers a fine soil bed that contains enough moisture in which seeds easily get germinate. If tillage is used in traditional way for many years continually, then it may damage the soil at some extent. It happens mainly if the top layer of the soil is thin.
Organic Matter & Its Maintenance
In soil management, organic matter is highly important factor. It is used for healthy physical condition of the soil. Organic matter contains nitrogen and other nutrients like sulfur and phosphorus. In this way, soil affectivity is completely related to maintained organic matter of the soil. It is because maximum cultivated vegetation does not leave for decay but is being harvested. So, the organic materials in the soil get lost in ordinary way. This loss is compensated by several types of standard methods. In these methods, artificial fertilization and crop rotation are two famous ones. Crop rotation is a rotating way of growing crops in a particular land. Growing different types of crops in same land is considered as crop rotation.
Sufficient Supply Of Nutrients
Soil requires constant supply of nutrients and thus, sufficient supply of nutrients is having a great role in soil management. Providing proper amount of nutrients is necessary for sound growth of plants. Plants require nutrients like potassium, iron, calcium, nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium and sulfur and most of the nutrients already exist in soil in different quantity. With regular cropping in the land, nutrients start reducing in the soil and thus, one requires fulfilling that deficiency by different ways. For this purpose, use artificial fertilizers that are a good way to provide sufficient supply of nutrients to soil.
Acidity Adjustment Of Soil
When it comes to soil management, you should consider each and every aspect related to soil. Adjustment for soil acidity refers to maintenance of soil acidities that controls adaption of native vegetation and different crops in various soil types. There are several ways of soil acidity adjustment in which one is the lime application that should be used as dolomitic limestone, burnt lime and limestone. It is an ordinary way of soil acidity adjustment.